7 steps to teach critical thinking

It makes it hard to know what to believe. But even with all the competing sources and opinions out there, getting the truth — or at least close to it — matters.

7 steps to teach critical thinking

More on that later. This is exactly what happened to Steve Jobs—after being diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, he pursued a kind of new age, Northern-California alternative diet in lieu of medical treatment.

I am a college professor, and one of the things I do for a living is train Ph. They come into my laboratory full of confidence.

They come in thinking that they are hot stuff. They have learned massive amounts of information, and unfortunately, they are so sure that their knowledge is correct, they are wont to add new knowledge without questioning the foundations of the old.

This takes four to six years. In some cases, eight. I wrote A Field Guide to Lies because I think that all of us are capable of this kind of critical thinking, regardless of our educational background.

Every four-year-old asks a series of incessant "why" questions: Why is there rain? Why is there condensation? Because of changing temperature conditions. Why are there changing temperature conditions? We have this beaten out of us early on by worn-down parents and teachers.

But this why mode is the key to all critical thinking. Think like a four-year old. Ask "why" and "how. If you like Latin, this is called argumentum ad populum.

7 steps to teach critical thinking

Believe something because you find the evidence compelling. Too many of us are bamboozled by fancy terms, bold headlines, and testimonials. Take a moment to look more carefully at the evidence being presented. There is no miracle pill that will enhance brain function, no magnet bracelet that will enhance stamina.

The New York Times is one of the most reliable and rigorously fact-checked news sources in the world. They do make mistakes and they print corrections every day. But on the whole, if you read something there, it has a very high likelihood of being true.

Supermarket tabloids do occasionally get stories right, but on the whole, if you read something there, it is unlikely to be true. Elvis is not alive on a spaceship circling the moon, and Michelle Obama does not have a newly discovered identical twin sister.

7 steps to teach critical thinking

Many claims are just impossible; many more are improbable. A car that needs no fuel and can generate its own power seems to contradict the laws of physics. A year old woman living in China whose secret to longevity is smoking two packs of cigarettes a day flies in the face of medical science.

One widely reported statistic was thatgirls in the U. The total number of deaths for girls from all causes in a single year is only about 8, or 55, if your definition of "girls" includes women under the age of Correlation is not causation.

A third factor, high temperatures, could be said to cause both. But not all things that occur together are influenced by a third factor, either: The day that the stock market reached an all-time peak, I saw a whale jump out of the ocean in Washington state.

The two events are probably unrelated. Does the evidence actually support the conclusion?Developing critical thinking skills in students by changing the stimulus events; Two parts of the lesson-planning process; Creation of the Main Idea; Actual process of the Seven Steps of teaching critical thinking.

Teaching critical thinking skills is a necessity with our students because they’re crucial skills for living life. As such, every teacher is looking for interesting ways to integrate it into classrooms. 7 Steps: Critical Thinking in the Workplace.

by TalentCulture Team + Guests | April 4, His research areas include the dynamics of organization culture, and more recently, the importance and implications of critical thinking.

Check out his blog, Driving Innovation in a Complex World, for more insights.

7 steps to teach critical thinking

Image Credit: Fotopedia. 7 Critical Thinking Skills of Common Core Robin J. Fogarty, Ph.D. [email protected] Author of: A School Leaders Guide to the Common Core Solution Tree Press (Spring ) How to Teach Thinking Skills Within Common Core: Seven Key Student Proficiencies of .

In the task of helping students become critical thinkers, two impediments stand in the way. The first is a widespread misdiagnosis about why students fail to become critical thinkers in the first place, and the second is the lack of a practical instructional strategy for teaching critical thinking.

Discusses how teachers can help students become critical thinkers. Developing critical thinking skills in students by changing the stimulus events; Two parts of the lesson-planning process; Creation of the Main Idea; Actual process of the Seven Steps of teaching critical thinking.

7 Steps to Improving Your Critical Thinking