Terminology[ edit ] The degree is abbreviated PhD sometimes Ph. All of these faculties awarded intermediate degrees bachelor of arts, of theology, of laws, of medicine and final degrees. The doctorates in the higher faculties were quite different from the current PhD degree in that they were awarded for advanced scholarship, not original research. No dissertation or original work was required, only lengthy residency requirements and examinations.
Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here.
Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers.
In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics. End this element with a period. Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks.
A book should be in italics: An individual webpage should be in quotation marks. The name of the parent website, which MLA treats as a "container," should follow in italics: A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks: Title of container Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container.
The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes. The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container. You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix.
It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.
If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation. In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc.
A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc.This page outlines the different Graduate study options available, from Diploma's and Master's, to Research and Executive programmes.
Content created by Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) Content last reviewed on February 16, Education. Education. When evaluating a master’s thesis or research paper on a specific topic, criteria for assessment shall be determined by the degree of objective and rational analyses, based on various scholarly methodologies in accordance with the topic’s distinguishing features, as evaluated independently by each respective.
Sustainability assessment (SA) is a complex appraisal method. It is conducted for supporting decision-making and policy in a broad environmental, economic and social context, and transcends a purely technical/scientific evaluation.
Guidelines for Education and Training in Industrial-Organizational Psychology. A PDF version of this document is available here. The SIOP Curriculum Matrix Template is available here.
The University of Arizona (UA) is the flagship institution in the State of Arizona and offers graduate programs in more than areas of study.
Graduate programs of study are described here in our Graduate Catalog and Program Descriptions.