Copyright courtesy of the National Portrait Gallery, used with permission. Indeed, when looking at the material available, it does seem as though Wordsworth was far from sympathetic towards his needy poet friend, and on occasion, rather cruel.
Email this page Samuel Taylor Coleridge is the premier poet-critic of modern English tradition, distinguished for the scope and influence of his thinking about literature as much as for his innovative verse. Active in the wake of the French Revolution as a dissenting pamphleteer and lay preacher, he inspired a brilliant generation of writers and attracted the patronage of progressive men of the rising middle class.
His poems of this Coleridge and wordsworth, speculative, meditative, and strangely oracular, put off early readers but survived the doubts of Wordsworth and Robert Southey to become recognized classics of the romantic idiom.
Coleridge renounced poetic vocation in his thirtieth year and set out to define and defend the art as a practicing critic. Coleridge was preeminently responsible for importing the new German critical philosophy of Immanuel Kant and Friedrich von Schelling; his associated discussion of imagination remains a fixture of institutional criticism while his occasional notations on language proved seminal for the foundation and development of Cambridge English in the s.
In his distinction between culture and civilization Coleridge supplied means for a critique of the utilitarian state, which has been continued in our own time. And in his late theological writing he provided principles for reform in the Church of England.
Mary, the tenth and youngest child of Ann Bowdon Coleridge and John Coleridge, a school-master and vicar whom he was said to resemble physically as well as mentally. Feelings of anomie, unworthiness, and incapacity persisted throughout a life of often compulsive dependency on others.
I regulated all my creeds by my conceptions not by my sight—even at that age. Experience he always regarded as a matter of whole and integrated response, not of particular sensations. Resolving conflicted feelings into whole response occupies much of his best verse, and his developed philosophical synthesis represents a comparable effort of resolution.
His basic literary values were formed here under the tutelage of the Reverend James Bowyer, a larger-than-life figure who balanced classical models with native English examples drawn from Shakespeare and Milton. These included an insistence on sound sense and clear reference in phrase, metaphor, and image: So were conventional similes and stale poetic diction.
The student population included boys who went on to important careers in letters, church, and state. Even in such company Coleridge stood out unmistakably: The vatic voice was already alive to its social possibilities, the sole resource of an isolated personality.
Understanding belonged to the world of sensation, generalization, and language, and through it poetry was committed to ordinary human experience. Hence its tangled condition.
The words of the common tongue kept the poet in touch with this common world. Poetry as living speech, poetry as act of attention: At Jesus College, Cambridge, where Coleridge matriculated in Octoberhe composed a mass of occasional poetry. Full of the rhetorical machinery of the middling verse of the period, and often cloying in sentiment, these early poems have little in common with the work of and after, on which his reputation would be founded.
They do not even show him developing in the direction of his mature voice.Critics remain divided over the question of whether Wordsworth's cruelty was responsible for Coleridge's decline into mental illness and opium addiction. In his article, “Cruel Wordsworth drove Coleridge to brink of death” in the Sunday Times, Nicholas Helien says, “William Wordsworth, poet and romantic, is to be portrayed in a controversial BBC feature film as a bully, who betrayed his closest friend and collaborator, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, driving him into a drug addiction that nearly killed him.”.
The Friendship: Wordsworth and Coleridge [Adam Sisman] on regardbouddhiste.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Traces the friendship and collaborations of William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, from their initial encounter as young men in /5(7).
Wordsworth and Coleridge: Emotion, Imagination and Complexity. The 19 th century was heralded by a major shift in the conception and emphasis of literary art and, specifically, poetry. During the 18 th century the catchphrase of literature and art was reason.
Logic and rationality took precedence in any form of written expression. A) Wordsworth was more interested in supernatural forces. B) Wordsworth's works are simpler and easier to read.
C) Coleridge's poems tend to be set in exotic locations.5/5(2). Frances Wilson reviews The Friendship: Wordsworth and Coleridge by Adam Sisman Break-ups had happened before of course. Henry VIII's split from the Vatican comes to mind, or Socrates' spat with.