Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here It is common for feedback on student writing to focus on the need to engage more critically with the source material. Typical comments from tutors are:
Print to PDF Structure of a Critical Review Critical reviews, both short one page and long four pagesusually have a similar structure. Check your assignment instructions for formatting and structural specifications. Headings are usually optional for longer reviews and can be helpful for the reader.
Introduction The length of an introduction is usually one paragraph for a journal article review and two or three paragraphs for a longer book review. Include a few opening sentences that announce the author s and the title, and briefly explain the topic of the text.
Present the aim of the text and summarise the main finding or key argument. Conclude the introduction with a brief statement of your evaluation of the text. This can be a positive or negative evaluation or, as is usually the case, a mixed response.
Summary Present a summary of the key points along with a limited number of examples. The summary should only make up about a third of the critical review.
Critique The critique should be a balanced discussion and evaluation of the strengths, weakness and notable features of the text. Remember to base your discussion on specific criteria.
Good reviews also include other sources to support your evaluation remember to reference. You can choose how to sequence your critique. Here are some examples to get you started: Most important to least important conclusions you make about the text.
If your critique is more positive than negative, then present the negative points first and the positive last. If your critique is more negative than positive, then present the positive points first and the negative last.
If there are both strengths and weakness for each criterion you use, you need to decide overall what your judgement is. For example, you may want to comment on a key idea in the text and have both positive and negative comments.
You could begin by stating what is good about the idea and then concede and explain how it is limited in some way. While this example shows a mixed evaluation, overall you are probably being more negative than positive.
In long reviews, you can address each criteria you choose in a paragraph, including both negative and positive points. You can also include recommendations for how the text can be improved in terms of ideas, research approach; theories or frameworks used can also be included in the critique section.
Restate your overall opinion of the text. If necessary some further qualification or explanation of your judgement can be included. This can help your critique sound fair and reasonable. References If you have used other sources in you review you should also include a list of references at the end of the review.
Summarising and paraphrasing for the critical review Summarising and paraphrasing are essential skills for academic writing and in particular, the critical review. To summarise means to reduce a text to its main points and its most important ideas.
The length of your summary for a critical review should only be about one quarter to one third of the whole critical review. The best way to summarise is to: Look for information that can be deduced from the introduction, conclusion and the title and headings.A critical review is the summarization and evaluation of the ideas and information in an article.
It expresses the writer’s (your) point of view in the light of what you already. Course materials, exam information, and professional development opportunities for AP teachers and coordinators.
What is critical thinking? Do you set aside lots of time for one review right before the test? Preparing to Read Learn how to use your textbook: Find the index, appendices and glossary.
Effective Writing Basics Tips that can improve your writing in any medium. Sample Format For Reviewing A Journal Article Reading and summarizing a research article in the behavioral or medical sciences can be overwhelming. Below is a . Summarising and paraphrasing for the critical review Summarising and paraphrasing are essential skills for academic writing and in particular, the critical review.
To summarise means to reduce a text to its main points and its most important ideas. Technical writing is one of the most important activities undertaken by an engineer, with the content often being safety-critical or business critical.
It is therefore worthwhile considering how to improve the quality of documents and the efficiency of the writing. This .