First pilgrimage[ edit ] In Juneat the age of twenty-one, Ibn Battuta set off from his hometown on a hajjor pilgrimage, to Meccaa journey that would ordinarily take sixteen months. He would not see Morocco again for twenty-four years.
See Article History Alternative Title: His great work describes his extensive travels covering some 75, mileskm in trips to almost all of the Muslim countries and as far as China and Sumatra now part of Indonesia.
He received the traditional juristic and literary education in his native town of Tangier. Inat the age of 21, he started his travels by undertaking the pilgrimage hajj to Mecca. At first his purpose was to fulfill that religious duty and to broaden his education by studying under famous scholars in EgyptSyriaand the Hejaz western Arabia.
That he achieved his objectives is corroborated by long enumerations of scholars and Sufi Islamic mystic saints whom he met and also by a list of diplomas conferred on him mainly in Damascus. Those studies qualified him for judicial office, whereas the claim of being a former pupil of the then-outstanding authorities in traditional Islamic sciences greatly enhanced his chances and made him thereafter Ibn battuta reading guide respected guest at many courts.
That renown was to follow later, however. He made a living of it, benefitting at the beginning from his scholarly status and later from his increasing fame as a traveler. He enjoyed the generosity and benevolence of numerous sultans, rulers, governors, and high dignitaries in the countries he visited, thus securing an income that enabled him to continue his wanderings.
Having finished the pilgrimage inhe crossed the Arabian Desert to Iraqsouthern IranAzerbaijanand Baghdad. Embarking on a boat in Jiddahhe sailed with a retinue of followers down both shores of the Red Sea to Yemencrossed it by land, and set sail again from Aden.
This time he navigated along the eastern African coast, visiting the trading city-states as far as Kilwa Tanzania. There a new, ambitious plan matured in his mind.
Thus, his narrative provides a valuable source for the history of that country between the end of the Seljuq power and the rise of the house of Ottoman.
According to his narrative, he undertook an excursion from Saray to Bulgary on the upper Volga and Kamabut there are reasons to doubt his veracity on that point.
Nevertheless, he always felt happier in the realm of Islam than in non-Muslim lands, whether Christian, Hindu, or pagan. After his return from Constantinople through the Russian steppes, he continued his journey in the general direction of India.
From Saray he traveled with a caravan to Central Asiavisiting the ancient towns of BukharaSamarkandand Balkhall of those still showing the scars left by the Mongol invasion. The accuracy of that date is doubtful, as it would have been impossible to cover such enormous distances from Mecca in the course of only one year.
Because of that discrepancy, his subsequent dating until is highly uncertain. Though he had apparently attained an easy life, it soon became clear that his new position was not without danger. He left Delhi without regrets, but his journey was full of other dangers: On the Malabar Coast of southwestern India he became involved in local wars and was finally shipwrecked near Calicut now Kozhikodelosing all his property and the gifts for the Chinese emperor.
After a new shipwreck on the Coromandel Coast of southeastern India, he took part in a war led by his brother-in-law and went again to the Maldives and then to Bengal and Assam. At that time he decided to resume his mission to China and sailed for Sumatra.
There he was given a new ship by the Muslim sultan and started for China; his description of his itinerary contains some discrepancies. That part of his narrative is rather brief, and the itinerary, as well as the chronology, presents many problems and difficulties, not yet surmounted, that cast shadows of doubt on his veracity.Ibn Battuta pgs) In he finally returned regardbouddhiste.com writing his Rihla (travel book) Ibn Battuta used the Muslim calendar, therefore, depending on your source dates will .
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Critical Essays; You'll also get access to. Ibn Battuta (/ ˌ ɪ b ən b æ t ˈ t uː t ɑː /; Arabic: محمد ابن بطوطة ; fully ʾAbū ʿAbd al-Lāh Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd al-Lāh l-Lawātī ṭ-Ṭanǧī ibn Baṭūṭah; Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة) (February 25, – or ) was a.
Ibn Battuta Moroccan legal scholar, traveled extensively, book is one of the classic works of travel literature, best known of the Muslim travelers, legal background enabled him to find government positions, Ibn provided guidance in the ways of Islam in societies recently converted to the faith.
STUD GUIDE BREADWINNER RIES by Deborah Ellis THE BREADWINNER | 2 EDUCATOR’S GUIDE TH MAZIN RAVEL B ATTUT by atima Sheraeddine THE AMAZING TRAVELS OF IBN BATTUTA | 2 Pre-Reading Questions & Activities As a class, examine the cover of the book and the map on the title page.
The Moroccan explorer Ibn Battuta traveled over 75, miles throughout the Muslim world and beyond in the 14th century. In this lesson students read from the Rihla, a book of Ibn Battuta's travels, and a present-day historian's account to answer the question: What was the Muslim world like in the.