But to enter fully upon the nature of these various worlds would carry us too far into the obscure mysticism of the Cabala. It is divided into three species:
The Winning of Independence "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. In a reminiscent letter written in his declining years, he declared that the history of the American Revolution began as far back as The Revolution was in the minds and hearts of the people.
By that time, more than a century and a half had passed since the first settlement had been founded at Jamestown, Virginia, and the several colonies had grown vastly in economic strength and cultural attainments.
Virtually all had long years of self-government behind them. Their combined population now exceeded 1, - an increase from ,00 since The implications of the physical growth of the colonies were far greater than mere numerical increase would indicate.
The eighteenth century had seen a new impetus to colonial expansion from the influx of immigrants from Europe, and since the best land near the seacoast had already been occupied, latecomers had had to push inland beyond the fall line of the rivers. Traders explored the back country and brought back tales of rich valleys, inducing courageous farmers in search of better or cheaper land to take their families into the wilderness and establish isolated homes in the clearings.
Their hardships were enormous, but rewards of success were great and settlers kept coming until the inland valleys were peopled with self-reliant pioneers. By the third decade of the century, frontiersmen and their families had already begun to pour over the Pennsylvania border, down the Shenandoah Valley, and to follow other watercourses into a yet more distant territory - the "west.
The guiding principle was the confirmed mercantilist view that colonies should supply the mother country with raw materials and not compete in manufacturing.
But this was poorly enforced and the colonies had never thought of themselves' as integral parts of a unified whole.
Rather they considered themselves chiefly as commonwealths or states, much like England herself, having only a loose association with authorities in London.
At infrequent intervals, however, sentiment in England was aroused and an effort was made by Parliament or the Crown to subordinate more effectively the economic activities and governments of the colonies to England's will and interests. But the majority of the colonists were opposed to such subordination.
And the 'thought of a three thousand mile sea between the new world and the mother country served merely as a tranquilizing influence upon any fears of vengeance for disobedience that the colonies may have had.
Added to this remoteness was the condition of life in the American wilderness. From countries of restricted space, of populous towns and open fields, the settlers bad come to a land of unlimited vastness, of deep woods and great rivers.
To this continent had come city- or village-bred men and women, fated by natural conditions to change from a mode of life which emphasized the importance of the community to one that stressed the importance of the individual.
Everything in the new environment tended to make the settlers forget the power, or even the need, of the British government. The fundamentals of political organization remained much as they had been in England, but a thousand laws, needed to keep order in the highly complex English society, became irrelevant and useless in the sparsely settled forest, and new ones of the colonists' own making took the place of those discarded.
Having little cause to fear and often able to dispense with government, the frontiersmen fended for themselves and, developing a hatred of restraint, were "inclined to do when and how they please or not at all.
The concepts that resulted were fixed a formal fashion in Virginia's first charter, which provided that English colonists were to exercise all liberties, franchises, and immunities "as if they had been abiding and born within this our Realm of England.
In the early days, the colonists were able to hold fast to their heritage of rights because of the King's arbitrary assumption that the colonies were not subject to parliamentary control.
For years to come the kings of England were too preoccupied with a great struggle in England itself - a struggle which culminated in the Puritan Revolution - to enforce their will. Before Parliament could bring its attention to the task of molding them to an imperial policy, the colonies had waxed strong and flourished in their own way.
From the first year after they set foot upon the new continent, the colonists functioned according to the English law and constitution - with legislative assemblies, a representative system of government, and a recognition of the common-law guarantees of personal liberty.
But, increasingly, legislation became American in point of view and ever less attention was paid to English practices and precedents.Locality Province And Nation Essays On Indian Politics To is packed considering necessary instructions, recommendation and warnings.
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