The nature of modern society General features Modernity must be understood, in part at least, against the background of what went before. Industrial society emerged only patchily and unevenly out of agrarian society, a system that had endured 5, years. Industrial structures thus took much of their characteristic form and colour from the rejection, conscious or unconscious, of preindustrial ways.
Are you sure that you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. The secularization is a process which describes the loss of importance of the widespread religious lifestyle and the sacred behaviours in front of a scientific point of view on the reality and a non-religious set of values.
Indeed philosophical and scientific methods allowed not to consider a concept or a statement as sacred and immutable but they sharpened the social changes.
This process has started in Europe during the Age of Enlightenment with the scientific discoveries of physicians and chemicals and with the development of social sciences and humanist philosophy.
Secularization spread in the second half of the twentieth century; in particular it had a strong incentive after the second World War because of the industrialization process and the economic globalization.
I strongly believe that even if Secularization started in Europe, it does not concern just the western world; for instance in some other societies non-western countries the role of the sacred has been replaced with technologies, modern education, scientific medicine and modern political and judicial systems.
In addition to this the globalization is also a great communications medium between different societies which diffuses non-religious systems of knowledge, common values and datum points.
In my opinion people should be Eurocentric for thinking that secularization concern just Europe; the distinction between the sacred and the profane is not only a prerogative of the Christianity, I think it is a system of interpretation of the reality which is common in all the religions and which works in different ways and with different means.
Therefore all the societies or civilizations get rid of religious prejudices and values, taboos and static lifestyles and they continuously change; for example people ask for more freedom, social mobility and change in countries which use religion for maintain the stability of the social structure.
As opposed to the above ideas the secularization concern a Christian concept of sacred and it seems that other societies are not interested in modernity, which is a consequence of some western processes economic and cultural globalization, technologic development, etc.
Moreover scientific and philosophical methods are not able to explain and give answer to every aspect of the human life and of the universe; for this reason the sacred is and it will be the answer and the sense maker of many unexplainable events.
Taking everything into account, the secularization is a process that concern above all the western civilization; nevertheless it occurs also in the other societies in different ways and with different timing, in particular we can see it because societies in all the world are changing their political, social and cultural systems.
The human thought is attracted by the unknown and I think that people will ever try to find answers more and more convincing and satisfying; this is the reason why the sacred and religious beliefs are overtaken by scientific knowledge; nevertheless we cannot be so positive by thinking that scientific knowledge will be able to give us all the answers:Secularism, as defined in the Miriam-Webster dictionary, is the "indifference to, or rejection or exclusion of, religion and religious considerations."As a philosophy, secularism seeks to interpret life on principles taken solely from the material world, without recourse to regardbouddhiste.com political terms, secularism is the principle of the separation of government institutions and persons.
Assess the view that secularisation has been a feature only of modern European societies. Sociologists have minor differences on secularisation, whether this is the extent of secularisation or what is happening to society due to secularisation.
Religion and Modern Society: Citizenship, Secularisation and the State [Bryan S. Turner] on regardbouddhiste.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Religion is now high on the public agenda, with recent events focusing the world's attention on Islam in particular.
This book provides a unique historical and comparative analysis of the place of religion in the emergence of modern secular regardbouddhiste.com: originally has been understood to be the central feature of secularization and was believed to be an undisputed necessity for the emergence of truly modern societies.
1 Had secularization theorists stuck solely to the thesis of institutional differentiation, the. Essay about Secularization, a Feature of Only Modern European Societies Assess the view that secularisation has been a feature only of modern European societies. Sociologists have minor differences on secularisation, whether this is the extent of secularisation or what is happening to society due to secularisation.
The politicization of religion is a central feature of the modern world, pointing to the continued relevance of the secularization debate: does modernization result in the decline of the social and political significance of religion or rather in a reaffirmation of religious values?