In the 's the American stage belonged to the Barrymore's. It was said that when Shakespeare wrote "Hamlet," he had John Barrymore in mind for the part.
Attire[ edit ] Paris set the fashion trends for Europe and North America. Women wore dresses all day, everyday. Day dresses had a drop waist, which was a sash or belt around the low waist or hip and a skirt that hung anywhere from the ankle on up to the knee, never above.
Daywear had sleeves long to mid-bicep and a skirt that was straight, pleaded, hank hem, or tired. Jewelry was less conspicuous. Striped, plaid, or windowpane suits came in dark gray, blue, and brown in the winter and ivory, white, tan, and pastels in the summer.
Shirts were white and neckties were essential. These young, rebellious, middle-class women, labeled 'flappers' by older generations, did away with the corset and donned slinky knee-length dresses, which exposed their legs and arms. The hairstyle of the decade was a chin-length bob, which had several popular variations.
Cosmeticswhich until the s were not typically accepted in American society because of their association with prostitutionbecame, for the first time, extremely popular.
She was young and fashionable, financially independent, and was an eager consumer of the latest fashions. The magazines kept her up to date on styles, clothes, designers, arts, sports, and modern technology such as automobiles and telephones.
Chaperones faded in importance as "anything goes" became a slogan for youth taking control of their subculture. This new woman cut her hair, wore make-up, and partied.
She was known for being giddy and taking risks; she was known as a flapper. New careers opened for single women in offices and schools, with salaries that helped them to be more independent.
The new dress code emphasized youth: The hourglass figure was not popular anymore, whereas a slimmer, boyish body type was considered appealing. The flappers were known for this and for their high spirits, flirtatiousness, and stereotypical recklessness when it came to their search for fun and thrills.
She was recognized for her avant-garde designs; her clothing was a mixture of wearable, comfortable, and elegant. She was the one to introduce a different aesthetic into fashion, especially a different sense for what was feminine, and based her design on new ethics; she designed for an active woman, one that could feel at ease in her dress.
She was the pioneer for women wearing pants and for the little black dresswhich were signs of a more independent lifestyle. The changing role of women[ edit ] Map of local U.
What new kinds of social and personal opportunity, for example, were offered by the changing cultures of sport and entertainment. A generational gap began to form between the "new" women of the s and the previous generation.
Prior to the 19th Amendment, feminists commonly thought women could not pursue both a career and a family successfully, believing one would inherently inhibit the development of the other.
This mentality began to change in the s, as more women began to desire not only successful careers of their own, but also families. Linda Eisenmann claims, "New collegiate opportunities for women profoundly redefined womanhood by challenging the Victorian belief that men's and women's social roles were rooted in biology.
The new ads promoted new freedoms for affluent women while also suggesting the outer limits of the new freedoms. Automobiles were more than practical devices. They were also highly visible symbols of affluence, mobility, and modernity.
The ads, says Einav Rabinovitch-Fox, "offered women a visual vocabulary to imagine their new social and political roles as citizens and to play an active role in shaping their identity as modern women.
World War I had temporarily allowed women to enter into industries such as chemical, automobile, and iron and steel manufacturing, which were once deemed inappropriate work for women.
Yet, like other women during World War I, their success was only temporary; most black women were also pushed out of their factory jobs after the war.
This shifted the focus in the s to job performance to meet demand. Factories encouraged workers to produce more quickly and efficiently with speedups and bonus systems, increasing the pressure on factory workers.
Despite the strain on women in the factories, the booming economy of the s meant more opportunities even for the lower classes.
Many young girls from working class backgrounds did not need to help support their families as prior generations did and were often encouraged to seek work or receive vocational training which would result in social mobility. Groups such as the National Women's Party continued the political fight, proposing the Equal Rights Amendment in and working to remove laws that used sex to discriminate against women,  but many women shifted their focus from politics to challenge traditional definitions of womanhood.
Young women, especially, began staking claim to their own bodies and took part in a sexual liberation of their generation.
Many of the ideas that fueled this change in sexual thought were already floating around New York intellectual circles prior to World War I, with the writings of Sigmund FreudHavelock Ellis and Ellen Key. There, thinkers claimed that sex was not only central to the human experience, but also that women were sexual beings with human impulses and desires, and restraining these impulses was self-destructive.
By the s, these ideas had permeated the mainstream.
Women entered into the mainstream middle class experience but took on a gendered role within society. In an increasingly conservative postwar era, a young woman commonly would attend college with the intention of finding a suitable husband.s Great Gatsby Headpiece: free size, one size fits all with ribbon band.
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History of roaring 20s dances, the clothing, and the culture of social dance in the 's. History of s dancing, marathon dancing, social dancing and ballroom.
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