Overview Union flag In the presidential electionRepublicansled by Abraham Lincolnsupported banning slavery in all the U. The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to eventually abolish slavery. Republican Lincoln's votes centered in the north, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas ' votes were distributed nationally and Constitutional Unionist John Bell 's votes centered in TennesseeKentuckyand Virginia.
Overview Union flag In the presidential electionRepublicansled by Abraham Lincolnsupported banning slavery in all the U. The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to eventually abolish slavery.
Republican Lincoln's votes centered in the north, Democrat Stephen A.
Douglas ' votes were distributed nationally and Constitutional Unionist John Bell 's votes centered in TennesseeKentuckyand Virginia. The Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured a plurality of the popular votes and a majority of the electoral votes nationally, thus Lincoln was constitutionally elected president.
He was the first Republican Party candidate to win the presidency.
However, before his inaugurationseven slave states with cotton -based economies declared secession and formed the Confederacy. The first six to declare secession had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, with a total of 49 percent. Confederate Army flag Eight remaining slave states continued to reject calls for secession.
Outgoing Democratic President James Buchanan and the incoming Republicans rejected secession as illegal. Lincoln's March 4,inaugural address declared that his administration would not initiate a civil war.
Speaking directly to the "Southern States", he attempted to calm their fears of any threats to slavery, reaffirming, "I have no purpose, directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the United States where it exists.
I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so.
The Confederates assumed that European countries were so dependent on " King Cotton " that they would intervene, but none did, and none recognized the new Confederate States of America.
Hostilities began on April 12,when Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter. While in the Western Theater the Union made significant permanent gains, in the Eastern Theaterthe battle was inconclusive from — Later, inLincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamationwhich made ending slavery a war goal.
InRobert E. Lee 's Confederate incursion north ended at the Battle of Gettysburg. Western successes led to Ulysses S. Grant 's command of all Union armies in Inflicting an ever-tightening naval blockade of Confederate ports, the Union marshaled the resources and manpower to attack the Confederacy from all directions, leading to the fall of Atlanta to William T.
Sherman and his march to the sea. The last significant battles raged around the Siege of Petersburg. Lee's escape attempt ended with his surrender at Appomattox Court Houseon April 9, While the military war was coming to an end, the political reintegration of the nation was to take another 12 years, known as the Reconstruction Era.
Confederate flag, the "Stars and Bars". The American Civil War was one of the earliest true industrial wars. Railroads, the telegraphsteamships and iron-clad ships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively.
The mobilization of civilian factories, mines, shipyards, banks, transportation and food supplies all foreshadowed the impact of industrialization in World War IWorld War II and subsequent conflicts. It remains the deadliest war in American history. From toit is estimated thattosoldiers died,  along with an undetermined number of civilians.
Bradford wrote that the issue has been further complicated by historical revisionistswho have tried to offer a variety of reasons for the war.
The Republican Party was determined to prevent any spread of slavery, and many Southern leaders had threatened secession if the Republican candidate, Lincolnwon the election.
After Lincoln won, many Southern leaders felt that disunion was their only option, fearing that the loss of representation would hamper their ability to promote pro-slavery acts and policies.The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States (U.S.) Prior to the war, South Carolina did more than any other Southern state to advance the notion that a state had the right to nullify federal laws, and write for the large public readership, rather than the small scholarly community.
This Civil War Harper's Weekly features an editorial on Slavery: Editorial on Slavery. This Site: Civil War.
Civil War Overview. Civil War Civil War Civil War South Carolina has no right to destroy the interests and safety of Iowa or Michigan in seeking her own. The argument is as old as the sophism. WEBSTER comprised. Civil War Harper's Weekly, June 1, This Harper's Weekly newspaper features General Butler on the cover.
It also has a nice full page illustration of the entire Confederate Cabinet. It also has a nice story on the first Soldier to die in the Civil War, and various other news of the War.
This Harper's Weekly Civil War Newspaper has an Editorial on the Civil War: Civil War Editorial. This Site: Civil War. Civil War Overview. Civil War Civil War Civil War Civil War This war is no war of the North against the South—no war of sections.
It is a war of the whole Government against an insurrection and. War in Afghanistan (–); Part of the conflict in Afghanistan (–present): Much of the civil infrastructure was ruined in Kabul due to the war.
This photo is presumably from If the Yankees are willing to fight fifty years to subjugate the South, the South is more than willing to fight a hundred rather than be subjugated.