When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Because Internet technology is constantly changing, so is the APA documentation style for information published on the Net. The purpose of this Web page is to provide you with the most up-to-date information about APA style for documenting electronic sources. To document other sources, please see our handbooks, or check the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.
On this page, you will also find links to the pages of a sample APA research paper. If you print out the entries listed below, be sure to double-check all spacing against the following guidelines: Begin each reference-list entry flush with the left margin, and indent additional lines five spaces.
Double-space between all lines on the References page. All items of a reference-list entry should be separated with a single space. Titles and subtitles of articles are not capitalized except for the first word or enclosed in quotation marks.
The names of periodicals are capitalized and italicized. Periodical, identical to print version Author, A. Title of article [Electronic version]. Title of eriodical, volume number or other designation, inclusive page numbers.
Periodical, different than print version Author, A. Title of Periodical, volume number, inclusive page numbers. Retrieved Month day, year, from electronic address Notes: Include an issue number in parentheses following the volume number if each issue of a journal begins with page 1.
Page numbers are often not relevant for Internet-only sources. End the citation with a period unless the final element is an electronic address. APA Monitor 31 1.
Retrieved January 11,from http: Writers Write, 5 9. Retrieved January 3,from http: The title of the article is followed by the name of the journal italicizedthe volume number italicizedand the issue number in parentheses, not italicized.
When forced by line length to break an Internet address, always break it after a slash mark or before a period, and never insert a hyphen at the break. Christian Science Monitor, 91 85 The item or accession numbers may be included, but are not required.
World diabetes day has people pondering their risk. Ethics of stem cell research. Retrieved November 23,from St.
The host organization and the relevant program or department are listed before the URL when a document is contained within a large, complex Web site. Prescription drug trends — a chartbook. Retrieved November 19,from http: Internal controls over bankcard program need improvement.
Retrieved July 23,from http: Learning and the evolution of language. Paper presented at Brains and Machines Seminar Series. Abstract retrieved November 23,from http:This accessible and invaluable workbook-style reference guide will help you smoothly make the transition from writing for composition classes to writing for psychology classes.
Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, and Harvard for free. Academic writing refers to a style of expression that researchers use to define the intellectual boundaries of their disciplines and their specific areas of expertise.
Characteristics of academic writing include a formal tone, use of the third-person rather than first-person perspective (usually), a.
Why a Scientific Format? The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigid structure which is so different from writing in the humanities. One reason for using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner.
If you are writing a review paper for a class, for example if you are summarizing the research on a topic, you do not need all of these sections. Students’ Personal Writing Style.
Writers of our essay writing service UK will easily write any kind of sample paper, formatting it to use at home from scratch on a variety of subjects, because experienced, talented specialists qualify for this job.